WMS in Ax 2012 R3 – Introduction.


Warehouse Management System – Overview
 
Warehouse Management for Microsoft Dynamics AX is an integrated warehousing solution for advanced distribution and order fulfilment that adds to the current capabilities of Microsoft Dynamics AX to support distribution companies and logistics providers.
 
This is a module which integrates advanced supply chain capabilities seamlessly into AX. The module is designed to support best-practice of logistics and fulfilment services. The solution was incorporated in Ax 2012 R3.
The warehouse management process revolves around the following aspects of business viz. Inbound, Inventory & Outbound. Below figures give an overview on the activities that can be executed using this module.
 
 
The Inbound process focuses on the planning & receiving of the goods, cross docking, tracking of the goods at the inbound locations till the goods are not moved for QC & storage in the warehouse.
 
The Inventory process covers up all the activities that are required to store, track & maintain the goods
 
The Outbound process involves in reserving the goods, maintaining waves & loads to facilitate smooth & cost effective picking, packing & shipping goods.

 
Overview on Major Inbound terminology
 

 

  • ASN: Advanced Shipment Notification is a notification of pending deliveries, similar to a packing list. It is usually sent in an electronic format. The ASN can be used to list the contents of a shipment of goods as well as additional information relating to the shipment such as: order information, product description, physical characteristics, type of packaging, markings, carrier information, and configuration of goods within the transportation equipment.
  • The ASN enables the sender to describe the contents and configuration of a shipment in various levels of detail and provides an ordered flexibility to convey information. In reference to Ax, this information is used to plan the resources for the upcoming deliveries from various Vendors against the Purchase orders
  • Disposition Codes: The disposition points to a disposition configuration, which defines the inventory status that will be associated with this part of the receipt and is used in conjunction with Inventory status. Disposition is often used to define that a product is in a non-usable state. The product might be damaged or require some attention or rework prior to being available for sales orders.

 

  • Container management: A mechanism by which the companies can decide upon the cost effective use of the Containers used to ship the goods. In other words container management means knowing that X containers are required at time Y in quality Z at one or a number of specified locations, and that they are in place in the proper quantity and at the right time to meet the requirement

 

  • License plate: In the logistics terminology this is also referred to SSCC (Serialized Shipping Container Code) an international standard to maintain & track the goods while shipping or receiving. A logistic unit is defined as any composition established for transport and/or storage, which needs to be tracked through the supply chain (cartons or pallets).

 

  • RF Receiving/Put away: Record the receipt and pick-up of the goods from the receiving bay.

 

  • Storage rules: Setting up Storage dimension combinations to be used in the application, having 2 new dimensions, License plate & Inventory status available.

 

  • Workflow: A group of pick/put pairs and describe the workflow to be performed against inventory. Warehouse Management uses work templates to create work at various points in the system. The area where work is created is inbound/receiving, reservation/picking, production, and inventory transfers and adjustments. Work is divided into headers and details. How the work is created is based on location directives and work templates. Work headers are a group of pick/put pairs and describe the workflow to be performed against inventory. Work details describe the actual steps being performed against the inventory.

 

  • Cross dock: Cross docking is a practice in the logistics of unloading materials from an incoming transport vehicles and loading these materials directly into outbound transport vehicles, with little or no storage in between.

 

Overview on Major Inventory terminology
 
The Inventory process covers up all the activities that are required to store, track & maintain the goods

 

  • In location quarantine: the new storage dimension; Inventory status provides an option of maintaining quarantined goods with in a specific location, removing the need for the use of a quarantine location.

 

  • RF Adjustment: The normal stock adjustments can be created as a Work & executed in Ax.

 

  • RF cycle count: The normal stock count process can be created as a Work & executed to provide more accurate data relating to Inventory.

 

  • 3PL: (Third party logistics provider) According to the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, 3PL is defined as “a firm that provides multiple logistics services for use by customers. Preferably, these services are integrated, or bundled together, by the provider. Among the services 3PLs provide are transportation, warehousing, cross-docking, inventory management, packaging, and freight forwarding.”
Overview on Major Outbound terminology
 
The Outbound process involves in reserving the goods, maintaining waves & loads to facilitate smooth & cost effective picking, packing & shipping goods.
 

 

  • Wave: is a term for a process used in a warehouse management system to describe a process which supports managing the work of a warehouse or distribution center. Wave is a group of activities of short interval scheduling, to assign orders into groupings (waves) and release them together so as to allow management to coordinate the several parallel and sequential activities required to complete the work

 

  • Load: A load is a group of sales orders grouped together and typically going out on a single truck, rail car, or other mode of delivery. A load can have one or many shipments, and a shipment can have one or many sales orders.

 

  • Dock Management: A tool which helps users to plan and manage the docks & yards to facilitate a hassle free & smooth shipping

 

  • Routing: Route planning is a process of identifying a most suitable & cost effective transportation route from source to the destination by considering the modes of transportation, time consumed & the urgency to deliver the goods.

 

  • Rate: Rate Shopping is a process where by an organization can view & compare the shipping rates from different carrier service providers and decide upon the most profitable service provider.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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